Overview

The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social and legal state. The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial powers.

Official Name:
Republic of Armenia - Hayastani Hanrapetoutyun

Capital City:

Yerevan 1 119 000 (as of 2010)

 

Major cities

  population (as of 2009)
Gyumri 146 300
Vanadzor 104 800
Vagharshapat 57 500
Hrazdan 53 200
Abovyan 46 500
Kapan 45 500
Armavir 33 800
Gavar 25 700
Artashat 25 400
Charentsavan 25 000
Sevan 23 200
Goris 23 000
Masis 22 400
Ashtarak 21 600
Ararat 20 800
Ijevan 20 600

 

Official Language:
Armenian is the official language of the Republic of Armenia.

Religion:
The absolute majority is the follower of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

Currency unit:
The currency unit of the RA is dram (AMD), introduced in 1993.

Population
3 249 500 (2010)

Ethnic composition
Armenians` 96%
Minorities: Russians, Yezidis, Assyrians, Greeks, Ukrainians, Jews, Kurds and others.

Natural Resources:
Armenia is rich in copper, coal, iron, bauxite, molybdenum, gold, silver, lead and zinc. Substantial deposits of pumice, marble, tufa, perlite, limestone, basalt and salt exist. Precious and semi-precious stones are also abundant.

Territory:
29.74 thousand square kilometers

Average Altitude Above Sea Level:
1,800 meters

Highest Mountain Peak:
Aragats (4 095 meters)

Neighbouring Countries:
in the North - Georgia
in the North-East - Azerbaijan
in the South - Iran
in the South-West - Azerbaijan
in the West - Turkey